Arms of Some Ancestors of Peter Lanman II of Norwich, Connecticut, 1771–1854,
or his wife Abigail (Trumbull) Lanman, 1781–1861
Relevant Marriage(s) Family / Source / Context Arms Description / Comments

Samuel Lan(d)man = _______;

James Lanman = Joanna Boylston

[When several marriages (indicated by '=') are given in this column, they are successive generations of
a lineage.]


A Dictionary of Suffolk Arms
by Joan Corder,
Suffolk Record Society,
vol. 7 (1965), p. 447.

Arms of Lanman of Cotton,
Suffolk (2 miles southeast
of Westhorpe), from an
18th-century heraldic MS by
the Rev. John Bokenham,
rector of Stoke Ash and
Little Thornham, Suffolk.

Lanman of Cotton

Argent on a saltire sable a bezant.

Bokenham "chose frequently to disagree with the ususally accepted versions of coats," says Corder.

Bernard Burke's The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales (1884), a relatively comprehensive catalog, has no entries for Landman or Lanman.

Henry Lanman, a native of Westhorpe, Suffolk, moved to London and raised a number of children there. Samuel Lan(d)man, a weaver who is first attested in Boston, MA, in 1687, is said to have come from London, and this is plausible given the large influx of Huguenot refugee weavers into London in this period. Whether he is related to Henry Lanman of Westhorpe and London is currently unknown.

James Lanman =
Joanna Boylston,
granddaughter of the immigrant Thomas Boylston and great aunt of Pres. John Adams (who used the Boylston arms
when, for example, he signed the
Treaty of Paris);

Peter Lanman I =
Sarah Spaulding Coit


Boylston arms; this image
is adapted from the John
Adams arms illustrated at

Boylston arms

Thomas Boylston, citizen and cooper of London, appears in London Visitation Pedigrees: 1664, J. B. Whitmore and A. W. Hughes Clarke, eds., Harleian Society Publications 92 (1940): 27, 162, and (adding fitchee) in A. W. Hughes Clarke, ed., London Pedigrees and Coats of Arms (1935) with the following arms: Gules, six crosses-crosslet fitchee argent 3, 2 & 1, on a chief or three pellets.

Thomas's parents came from Lichfield, Staffordshire. Their relation to our Derbyshire and London Boylstons is currently unknown.

Note 1: François Velde's coverage of the use of the Boylston arms by Adamses is at For further details on these Boylston arms, see, note 5.

Richard Boylston =
Joane Pipe,
sister of
Sir Richard Pipe;

Henry Boylston (d. 1592) = ____;

Edward Boylston = Anne Bastian;

Thomas Boylston (the immigrant) = Sarah;

Dr. Thomas Boylston =
Mary Gardner;

James Lanman =
Joanna Boylston


The upper two arms are two
of the versions recorded
for our ancestral uncle
Sir Richard Pipe, who was
Lord Mayor of London
in 1578 and was knighted
the following year.
(Details about the arms are
given in the right column.)

The lower arms show a
canting (punning) variation
of the Pipe arms, since they
include actual pipes; this is
a stained glass window at
Haddon Hall honoring
Margaret Pipe, wife of
Sir William Vernon, as
reproduced on p. 17 of
The Origins of the Surname
Pipe - Pipes and Early Pipe
(2016), by
David J. V. Pipes of
Rochester, Kent.
This version of the Pipe arms
is very similar to the arms on
Sir Richard Pipe's memorial stone,
now at Barlborough Hall, Derbyshire (basically the Haddon Hall version
turned up-side down, with the
bells of the pipes facing down
instead of up); see David J.V. Pipes,
The Origins of the Surname Pipe - Pipes
and Early Pipe References, pp. 39–41.

Pipe arms

Pipe arms differenced

Pipe arms C

My two-part question (condensed from my post to the newsgroup rec.heraldry on 4/24/1998), introduced by some background information:

Thomas Boylston, citizen and cooper of London, bore these arms in the mid-17th century: Gules, six crosses-crosslet fitchee argent 3, 2 & 1, on a chief or three pellets. (Illustrated in the preceding row of this table.)
Richard Pipe, who was later lord Mayor of London, bore in the 1568 Visitation of London: Azure, a fesse double-cotised between six crosses crosslet or. (The visitation also specifies with a crescent sable for difference on the fesse, but manuscripts at the College of Arms omit the crescent.) Both versions are illustrated immediately to the left.
The similarity between the Boylston and Pipe arms may be significant, because Richard Boylston of Newton Solney, Derbyshire, married ca. 1535 Johan or Joane Pipe, sister of Sir Richard Pipe.
(1) I am wondering whether the Boylston arms mentioned above might have been derived in part from the Pipe arms and then assumed by Richard Boylston (husband of Joane Pipe) or one of his children.
(2) Does the similarity of the Boylston and Pipe arms make it likely that the Thomas Boylston in the 1664 London Visitation was descended from Richard and Joane (Pipe) Boylston?

Response (on 4/24/1998) from François Velde, proprietor of

I would say plausible, but maybe not likely. Six crosses-crosslets are not unusual in English armory. Arms showing a bend between 6 crosses-crosslets include Were, Woodthorpe, Bocking, Fodringay, Waton, Durvassall, Kawston, Longvillers, Cornwall, Tye, Howard, Chein, Beduley, Fitz-Eustace, Marr, Blaket, Drayton, Erskine, Ormesby, Hornsley, Fourneaux, Huntingfield, Aubemarle, Preston, Paley, Hall, Raleigh, Bancroft, Beeston. Arms showing a fess between 6 crosses-crosslets include Bocking, Grevalder, Ledet, Cranen, Bleckett, Olney, Lane, Longford, Sandes, Myn, Layton or Lawton, Boughton, Seaton, Poynton, Camden, Moigne or Moynes, Haversham, Barnardiston or Berneston, Peche, Alborough, Woodlow, Whitfield, Udelow, Dengayne, Peverell, Butler or Boteler, Longville, Gower, Beauchamp, Engaine, Boaler, Corbett. Perhaps because of the prominence of certain arms such as Howard or Beauchamp, the design was imitated by many.

Peter Lanman I = Sarah Spaulding Coit;

Peter Lanman II = Abigail Trumbull


Coit arms

Sable on a chevron between three spearheads Argent three cross crosslets Sable.

The source for these arms: William Armstrong Crozier, Crozier's General Armory, 1904; rpt. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co, 1972. Available online from Google Books.

Peter Lanman I = Sarah Spaulding Coit;

Peter Lanman II = Abigail Trumbull


Coit (alternate source)

Coit arms from The Coit Family
by F. W. Chapman (1874),
between pp. 11 and 13.

Coit arms

Caption for these arms: "He beareth Sable on a Chevron between three Spear's Heads Argent, three Cross Crosslets of the First. By the Name of Coit."

Burke's General Armory (1884) has no entries for Coit, Coite, etc. (There is an entry for Coytmore.)

"Virtus sola nobilitat." = "Virtue alone confers nobility."

Henry Farwell =
Olive Welby

Benjamin Spaulding, Sr. = Olive Farwell

Benjamin Spaulding, Jr. = Sarah Hall

Col. Samuel Coit = Sarah Spaulding

Peter Lanman I = Sarah Spaulding Coit


The Welby arms shown
at the right are supplied in https://www.americanheraldry.

Welby arms Sable a fess between three fleurs-de-lys Argent.
NEHGS Roll of Arms #585.

Gov. Jonathan Trumbull =
Faith Robinson

David Trumbull = Sarah Backus

Peter Lanman II =
Abigail Trumbull


Trumbull arms as painted by John Trumbull
(son of Gov. Jonathan Trumbull),
illustrated in "Painter of the Revolution"
by E. H. Silverman, American Heritage 9
(June 1958): 41.

Trumbull arms

Burke's General Armory (1884) itemizes many Trumbull and Turnbull coats of arms consisting of three bulls heads.

Trumbull notepaper
Trumbull arms

This notepaper (blank) and envelope were in one of the boxes of family papers I got from my great aunts, principally my great aunt Faith Robinson (Lanman) Gorrell. I have no information on who used this notepaper.

The crest and motto are those of Trumbull, but on the shield, we have three garbs (wheat sheaves) rather than three bulls heads.

Ebenezer Backus, father of
Sarah Backus


Arms used by Elijah Backus, a descendant (like Ebenezer) of the American immigrant William Backus, according to

Backus arms  
Lt. William Pratt, maternal grandfather of Joseph Backus, father of Ebenezer Backus


Arms of Lt. William Pratt of Saybrook, Conn.

Pratt arms  
William Clarke of Boston, father of Benjamin Clarke,
father of
Sarah (Clark) Backus

Arms of William Clarke

These arms were painted on a
panel in his house, according to, and they appear on a tankard given by his granddaughter to South Church, Salem.

Dr. John Clarke =
Martha Saltonstall; grandparents of William Clarke, father of Benjamin Clarke


Arms of Sir Richard Saltonstall,
whose half sister Martha married
Dr. John Clarke of Boston

Saltonstall arms

Burke's General Armory (1884), p. 892: Saltonstall or Saltonston (Lord Mayor of London 1597, and co. York [uncle of Sir Richard Saltonstall and Martha (Saltonstall) Clarke]). Or (another, ar.) a bend betw. two eagles displ sa.  Crest—Out of a ducal coronet or, a pelican’s head az. vulning its breast gu.

Vuln = To wound (oneself) by biting at the breast. Used of the pelican, which was once believed to feed its young with its blood, as a heraldic motif and symbol of Christ. (

Benjamin Clarke =
Miriam Kilby (as
her first husband);

Ebenezer Backus = Sarah Clark;

David Trumbull = Sarah Backus;

Peter Lanman II =
Abigail Trumbull


Arms of Christopher Kilby, Esq.,
as given in the Gore Roll,
located at the
New England Historic
Genealogical Society

These arms are shown
at the right as supplied in https://www.americanheraldry.

The Kilby arms as drawn by
John Gore for the Gore Roll
are shown at https://www.americanancestors.

(You must sign in
as an NEHGS member
in order to view
this image of the arms.)

Kilby arms

Burke's General Armory (1884) supplies two Kilby arms, one for John Kilby, 1803, and a generic one (with no time period, place or person specified). The shield of the generic arms is given as "Argent [silver background] three torteaux [red discs] in fesse [in a horizontal row] between two barrulets [narrow horizontal stripes] azure [blue]."

The shield for Christopher Kilby (shown at the left) is a variation of this, which (according to had been granted to Humphrey Kilby in 1660. Its description is "Argent 3 bars azure, in chief [see below] as many annulets azure" — Bolton's American Armory (1927, p. 96).

In heraldic blazon, a chief is a charge on a coat of arms that takes the form of a band running horizontally across the top edge of the shield. 

As shown in the left column, Abigail (Trumbull) Lanman was descended from Miriam (Kilby, Clarke) Hill (see her portrait here), a double first cousin of Christopher Kilby, Esq., and of his sister Sarah (Kilby) Gore, mother of the John Gore who was responsible for the Gore Roll and who was the father of Christopher Gore (1758–1827) of Gore Place, Massachusetts governor and United States senator.

Prepared by Don C. Stone,, 2017–2021